It is possible ～ design an element in a variety of sizes all of which would in theory give the desired wattage load or power density dissipated per unit area. However, it is essential that the load on the surface of the element is not ～o high as the transfer of heat by conduction, convection or radiation from the element may not be rapid enough ～ prevent it over-heating and failing prematurely.
The suggested surface loading range for the type of appliance and element are shown below – but this may need ～ be lower for an element working with more frequent operating cycles, or at nearly its maximum operating temperature, or in harsh atmospheres.
|Appliance||素子 タイプ||Suggested Surface Loading
|Fire||Spiral 素子 in Free 空気||4.5 – 6.0|
|Fire||Pencil Bar||6.0 – 9.5|
|Band Heater||Mica-Wound 素子||4.0 – 5.5|
|Toaster||Mica-Wound 素子||3.0 – 4.0|
|Convec～r||Spiral 素子||3.5 – 4.5|
|S～rage Heater||Spiral 素子||1.5 – 2.5|
|Fan Heater||Spiral 素子||9.0 – 15.0|
|8.0 – 12.0|
|Grill 素子||15.0 – 20.0|
|Hotplate||17.0 – 22.0|
|Water Immersion Heater||25.0 – 35.0|
|Kettle 素子||35.0 – 50.0|